If you ask me, most of the problems on this Earth are caused by unfettered accumulation. The blind pursuit of accumulation/profit über alles is undermining the social, political, economic, and even natural environment of this planet. We could spend a lot of time focusing on all the pain and hardship, poverty, environmental degradation, biosphere contamination, suffering, and despair caused by unfettered accumulation, but what I want to focus your attention on before closing this commentary is the crises that inevitably occurs when accumulation is the organizing goal of our economic, political and social lives. As I argue in the Rocket Scientists ’’ Guide to Money and the Economy, unfettered accumulation, the kind of accumulation that the .01 percent prefer, inevitably leads to depressed wages, economic starvation, recession, depression, global crises, ideology, hardship, and perpetual war (à la Orwell’s 1984). Put another way, accumulation damages the economy, life, and the Earth. The process is caused by the way accumulation drives production to insane levels while it gradually starves the economy of its very life blood, money ( Sharp, 2013 ). It is a truism that the rich just get richer, and as they do the economy and (as we all can see) the planet slowly dies.
One of South Africa's major cause and effect of poverty is unemployment. Unemployment causes families to live in unsanitary conditions because a lack of financial means to improve living conditions. If the parents are unemployed, this can also affect how the child is brought up and what kind of education they receive. This issue has been recognized by the South African government and they have created organisations like the Expanded Public Works Program, also known as the EPWP. This program is an important gateway to labor absorption and provides income for poor families. Poverty stricken people now have the chance to receive income thanks to the jobs that the EPWP provides. 
Although often overlooked, environmental degradation can have a huge impact on poverty rates and the well-being of people. If resources are depleted due to climate change, natural disasters and deforestation, then citizens are more likely to be living in poverty. Environmental problems have led to shortages of water, food and materials for housing, as well as other essential resources. Without these items, the poor will not only remain poor, but also increase their chances of premature death. Clearly poverty is an issue that needs to hold our collective attention and spur our collective action.