Electric car research papers

The analysis above does not seem to account the amount of energy used to produce petrol. I believe the number is about 6kWh per litre, petroleum is usually transported, distilled and distributed.
In the case of Australia the power stations are next to the coal mines and electricity is transported along wires at a loss of 3% per 1000 km. There is an embedded energy in the wires and power stations as well, but also similarity the petrol refinery, pipe lines
As an example the BMW i3 has an efficiency of 11 km/ KWH. It has already gone 66 km before the 1 litre of petrol is then ready to be used

Electric car research papers

electric car research papers

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