Access the following article using ProQuest, the Ashworth College online library:
• Griggs, J. (2011). BP GULF OF MEXICO OIL SPILL. Energy Law Journal, , 57-79. Retrieved from http:///docview/869071045/13F9B6E0ACE2413E456/3?accountid=45844
Respond to the following:
1. In your own words, provide an overview of the events and implications of the BP Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
2. Explain the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, including why it was enacted, its general provisions, and OPA 90's effectiveness in terms of containing a major spill.
3. Why did it take BP so long to stop the spill?
4. Which type of control would have been most helpful to BP in averting the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico? Provide one (1) supporting fact to support your response.
Biofermentation uses genetically engineered microbes that metabolize oil at a rapid rate, which can dramatically speed up the rate of oil cleanup. However, often when these designer bacteria are introduced into diverse and hostile environments, they are outcompeted by native bacteria. Evolugate, a bioremediation company in Gainesville, Fla., is working to increase the oil-consuming efficiency of naturally occurring bacteria through adaptive pressure. Scientists at Evolugate isolate natural oil-consuming bacteria found in the Gulf and place selective pressure on the microbes to improve their oil-eating abilities. Each time the bacteria divide, their genomes mutate. Providing oil as their only food source creates a strong selective pressure that enhances bacterial evolution. And, because the designer bacteria are derived from native flora, they have a better chance of surviving when reintroduced into the Gulf.