Writing Successful Science Proposals – A guide book to science proposal writing. It explains the steps of the proposal process in detail. It includes chapters on private foundation funding and interdisciplinary research, full of step-by-step exercises; written by Andrew J. Friedland and Carol L. Folt (2009)
Principles of a Good Research Proposal (PDF) – a short non-academic research proposal guide. It covers the most important aspects of writing a research proposal, giving some very clear guidelines and asking questions that help clarify your research goals.
Proposals That Work: A Guide for Planning Dissertations and Grant Proposals – a great book for beginners, to overcome the initial hurdles of writing a PhD proposal, by Lawrence F. Locke, Waneen Spirduso and Stephen J. Silverman (2007)
ISOS Proposal Tips – great research proposal writing tips, Salford Business School, University of Salford, Manchester, UK (2010)
Matthew McGranaghan’s Basic Guide – a “work in progress” explaining the basics for first-time research proposal writing students; by Matthew McGranaghan, University of Hawaii
Concise tips from the University of Lancaster – a one-page guidance, full of useful research proposal writing tips for a PhD application at the University of Lancaster, UK
The Monash University Guidelines – a one-page, short guideline overview from the Monash University, Australia
The Elements of a Proposal – a basic explanation of the structure of a research proposal by Frank Pajares, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
Proposal Writer’s Guide – a practical, down-to-earth research proposal guide, intended for faculty members with little or no experience in writing proposals for sponsored research activities; by Don Thackrey, University of Michigan
The Outline of Intended Research of the University of Technology, Sydney (archived copy) – An Outline of Intended Research (OIR) is not the same as a research proposal. The OIR should be a document of about 2000 words, WITHOUT any specific details about the research. Its aim is to provide a “first glance” at 1) the background to the intended area of research (a quick overview of relevant literature a sound knowledge of past and recent work in the domain of interest), 2) a case for its significance and importance (Why does it matter? To whom? What use will it be?) and last but not least, 3) how the intended research fits with a research program in the Faculty.
Research proposal guidelines from the Victoria University of Wellington, NZ (.doc) – a short but practical guide, full of directly applicable structural suggestions; written by Katie Nimmo, Student Learning Support Service, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Proposal Preparation Guide (PDF) – a concise guide for writing a research proposal from Kent State University, 2010 (Download PDF)
The Study Guide of the Birmingham City University – a very useful source that really tells you how you should start writing your research proposal .
Beginners’ Guide to Grant Proposal Writing – Grant Proposal Writing Tips for Beginners and PhD applicants from the University of Calgary, Canada
Some Hints on Writing a Term Project Proposal (PDF) – A concise proposal writing tutorial full of useful tips for project proposal writing by Philip W. L. Fong , Department of Computer Science, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 2009 (Download PDF)
WU Wien Research Proposal Beispiel (PDF) – a basic, two-page Research Proposal Information Brochure for doctoral students at the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration [ Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien ] (2010)
Licentiate degrees vary widely in their meaning, and in a few countries are doctoral level qualifications. Sweden awards the licentiate degree as a two-year qualification at doctoral level and the doctoral degree (PhD) as a four-year qualification.  Sweden originally abolished the Licentiate in 1969 but reintroduced it in response to demands from business.  Finland also has a two-year doctoral level licentiate degree, similar to Sweden's.  Outside of Scandinavia, the licentiate is normally a lower level qualification. In Belgium, the licentiate was the basic university degree prior to the Bologna Process and was approximately equivalent to a bachelor's degree,   while in France and other countries it is the bachelor's-level qualification in the Bologna process.  In the Pontifical system, the Licentiate in Sacred Theology (STL) is equivalent to an advanced master's degree, or the post-master's coursework required in preparation for a doctorate (. similar in level to the Swedish/Finnish licentiate degree), while other licences (such as the Licence in Canon Law) are at the level of master's degrees.