On 18 September 2017, Secretary-General . Professor Anna Veneziano delivered a remote presentation on the Cape Town Convention and its Protocols at a seminar hosted by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Kyiv on the Luxembourg Rail Protocol. The seminar was opened by Ukrainian Minister of Infrastructure, HE Volodymyr Omelyan and also addressed by Mark Magaletsky and Jelena Madir from EBRD, Olexiy Soshenko, a partner at Redcliffe Partners, Oleg Shipilov from the MT Group, Elizabeth Hirst, Registrar-designate, Regulis SA and RWG Chairman Howard Rosen. Minister Omelyan set out his clear support for the Protocol and then the seminar looked in detail on the different benefits it would bring to the rail sector in Ukraine and some of the technical issues that would need to be dealt with as part of the adoption process.
International human rights law lays down obligations which States are bound to respect. By becoming parties to international treaties, States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights. The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights. The obligation to protect requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses. The obligation to fulfil means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights.