In 1871 and 1872, federal marshals, assisted by U. S. troops, brought to trial scores of Klansmen, crushing the organization. But the North's commitment to Reconstruction soon waned. Many Republicans came to believe that the South should solve its own problems without further interference from Washington. Reports of Reconstruction corruption led many Northerners to conclude that black suffrage had been a mistake. When anti-Reconstruction violence erupted again in Mississippi and South Carolina, the Grant administration refused to intervene.
Over the last 10 years, we have worked with industry to modify the plates and screws so that they are easy to use and the process of plating is not time consuming. We now have experience in plating over 2000 patients with a very low incidence of wound complications and a dramatic improvement in the patients’ perception of their wounds. Plating of the sternum provides secure closure and allows for quicker recovery of patients. Indeed, patients who have had previous cardiac surgery insist that their second procedure was associated with a lot less pain (presumably because there is less instability of the sternum).